Prävinare (Online-Seminare)

Seit 2016 bietet das Institut für angewandte Präventionsforschung (DPT-I) sogenannte Prävinare an. Prävinare sind Seminare im Themenfeld der Prävention, die online angeboten werden. Einzige Voraussetzung sind ein Computer und eine ausreichende Internetverbindung. Während des Online-Seminars wird ein Live-Video der Vortragenden und die Präsentation gezeigt. Die Teilnehmenden sind durch eine Chatfunktion interaktiv beteiligt und können Fragen und Kommentare posten. Diese Fragen werden seitens des Moderators oder der Moderatorin gebündelt und den Vortragenden zur Diskussion gestellt.

Auf dieser Webseite informieren wir Sie über die aktuell laufenden Prävinare. Die Aufzeichnungen vergangener Prävinare finden Sie in der DPT-Dokumentation, im Adobe Connect Event Catalog und auf dem YouTube-Kanal des DPT. Die Aufzeichnungen der Prävinare, die im Rahmen des 25. DPT-Digital stattfanden, finden Sie ebenfalls in der DPT-Dokumentation und im DPT-YouTube-Kanal, außerdem auch im Kongressarchiv unter den jeweiligen Prävinaren eingestellt.



Prävinarreihe Cutting Crime Impact - CCI (März bis Dezember 2021)

Zu dem EU-Projekt Cutting Crime Impact (CCI) bietet das DPT-I eine mehrteilige Prävinar-Reihe in Englischer Sprache. Sie beginnt am 02. März 2021. Anschließend folgt jeden Monat ein Prävinar aus der Reihe, in der die dort entwickelten Toolkits zur Prävention von Alltagskriminalität und die innovative methodische Forschungspraxis des  Projektes vorgestellt werden.

Aufzeichnung in unserem YouTube-Kanal

Präsentation Dr Macarena Rau Vargas

Präsentation Dr Francesc Guillén Lasierra

Abstract

Determining objectively the level of insecurity is very hard to do with no correlation between actual risks, offences and the perception of security. This is despite the efforts of many academics and practitioners who have stressed that the existence of an objective security has to be dealt with. Low levels of security incidents can coincide with feelings of insecurity. These feelings of insecurity are relevant, as they can impact on everyday life. People that feel unsafe tend to isolate, to avoid common spaces and become consequently more unsafe. Authorities should tackle outbreaks that lead to feelings of insecurity regardless of the level of the incident. Low levels of subjective security constitute a public problem because it can cause cities to decline. It is important to understand the grounds that make people feel unsafe and how different societal groups are affected by it. Otherwise, authorities won’t be able to employ adequate measures to reverse the situation, as they won’t be aware that they should target specific people and places.

In this webinar we will introduce two instruments devised to check the perceptions of insecurity in different areas/groups:

We will look at the Ministry of Interior of Catalonia, within the framework of the Cutting Crime Impact (CCI) Project, who have created the toolkit “Perception matters”. It is a practical guide to orientate practitioners, firstly in the detection of the grounds of insecurity outbreaks and, secondly, to provide adequate responses that can tackle problems. It is based on the principle that everything that makes people unsafe should be tackled, regardless of if it is a crime, incivilities or disorders.

The structure of the CPTED ‘Cloud of Dreams’ workshop will also be described, as well as the main historical milestones from its inception in 2006 to the present day, and the types of information obtained from its application. ‘Cloud of Dreams’ is thought to give a voice to both boys and girls in the Latin American and Caribbean Region regarding their environmental preferences, needs and possibilities for urban intervention. This allows the perceptions of the young population are taken into account in urban planning.

Referent*innen / Speakers

   Francesc Guillén                                           Macarena Rau

Dr Francesc Guillén Lasierra is Head of Projects and Organisation at the Catalan Ministry of Interior (as from 2004). He has been Executive Director of CIFAL Barcelona (2007-2009) and member of the Steering Committee of the Platform Police for Urban Development (January—December 2010). Lecturer on Constitutional Law at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and the Open University of Catalonia as from 1989 and 1999. Lecturer on “Police and Security” at the UAB Criminology Studies and the Open University of Catalonia from 2010 to 2019. Honoris Causa Doctor by the Mexican Society of Criminology. He has published numerous articles and books.

Dr Macarena Rau Vargas is President of the International CPTED Association (ICA); Architect, Magister and PHD in Architecture and Urbanism. Has extensive experience leading Urban Security Projects and Initiatives, both public and private, in Chile and in various countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Specialist in the CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design) methodology with proven success in diagnosis, design, execution and evaluation of Violence and Crime Prevention projects from an Environmental perspective.

 


Abstract

One of the main challenges in community policing (CP) relates to the need to build safer neighbourhoods through the establishment of effective and trustful relationships between police and citizens. The model of community policing in Lisbon, applied by the Lisbon Municipal Police (LMP) since 2009, has been built from the involvement of local partners and citizens in safety partnerships and their active participation in the planning process of putting in place CP projects in Lisbon neighbourhoods. This policing model is challenging both to the partnership as well as to police organization since it requires a long term engagement by community as well as the internal support from the police organisation to a model of policing often seen as social work rather than “real” police work.

The webinar will first provide an overview of typical challenges for community policing, framing the model used in Lisbon, in contrast to policing models throughout the Anglophone world, for its specificities in facing those challenges. Then, the webinar will focus on the results of the research carried out by the LMP under the EU-funded Project Cutting Crime Impact (CCI). The findings revealed the need for senior level police engagement in the planning process of CP, and the tool "Lisbon Community Policing - Safer Communities" was developed. This tool contains a set of specific communication and planning instruments designed to support and engage key decisionmakers in CP delivery. ​

Referent*innen / Speakers

   Mónica Diniz                                          Simone Tulumello

Simone Tulumello is assistant research professor at the University of Lisbon, Institute of Social Sciences. Simone's research interests span at the border between planning research, human geography and critical urban studies; security, fear and urban violence; housing policy and politics; austerity and neoliberal urban policy; Southern European and Southern US cities. In particular, Simone is interested on how local security policymaking - including approaches to policing - is shaped at the intersection of political traditions, neoliberalisation of policy and multilevel institutional arrangements. His first monograph, Fear, Space and Urban Planning: A Critical Perspective from Southern Europe, was published in 2017 by Springer. 

Mónica Diniz is a sociologist, Head of the Prevention, Security and International Relations of the Lisbon Municipal Police. Monica has a Masters in Sociology and Planning and has been developing her work in the area of Police-Citizen cooperation with a main focus on the implementation of bottom-up collective approaches for crime-prevention and community policing projects. Monica has been working on the methodological transferability of the community policing model both in national and international contexts, namely in cooperation with the Council of Europe. She participates in projects on international cooperation in the field of Community Policing, Crime Prevention through Urban Design & Planning and Intercultural approach on security and safety issues. Monica also trains CP officers and is co-author of several publications on Community Policing.

 


Abstract

Effective community engagement is critical to neighbourhood policing: it provides scope for officers and staff to establish collaborative relationships with citizens and partners, gain knowledge of a local area and address its security issues. Officers and staff often work within the same neighbourhood for several years. During this time, they build key connections in their community and acquire unique knowledge of the local area, its residents, its issues and dynamics. When neighbourhood officers and staff move to another post and leave their local area, this unique resource of knowledge and relationships leaves with them. At frontline level, turnover can compromise local knowledge and jeopardise trust relationships with citizens and partners.

Following an overview of neighbourhood policing within the wider UK context, this webinar will focus on the experience of Greater Manchester Police (GMP), one of the police organisations involved in the EU-funded Cutting Crime Impact (CCI).

As part of the CCI, GMP has worked on researching and developing an evidence-based Tool in neighbourhood policing, by adopting a human-centred design approach. This webinar will discuss the research carried out by GMP and it will present the "Community Connect" Tool, a handover protocol specifically designed for neighbourhood policing roles.

The webinar will also share insights gained through the CCI experience into the challenges police forces face in ensuring continuity of community engagement and maintaining long-term commitment to neighbourhood policing.

Referentinnen / Speakers

Dr Roberta Signori              Dr Megan O’Neill

Dr Megan O’Neill is a Reader in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Dundee and an Associate Director of the Scottish Institute for Policing Research (SIPR). Her work focuses on aspects of police culture, stop and search, community policing, public sector pluralisation in policing and surveillance practices of the state.

Dr Roberta Signori holds a PhD in Applied Sociology and Methodology of Social Research from the University of Milan-Bicocca, where she specialised in qualitative research methods. Her PhD research focussed on organisational changes in the surveillance regime in Italian prisons, and their impact on the wellbeing of prison officers. Roberta Signori worked as a Researcher for the Directory of Social Change (DSC) in Liverpool, where she conducted bespoke research for UK charities seeking to demonstrate the impact of their projects and improve their services. She joined Greater Manchester Police in April 2019 as a CCI Research Fellow and since then she has worked full time on researching and developing an evidence-based toolkit in Community Policing, as part of the EU-funded Cutting Crime Impact (CCI) project. Her research interests include law enforcement agencies, prisons and surveillance regimes, assessment and evaluation of social interventions, and crime prevention.

 


       Aufzeichnung in unserem YouTube-Kanal
      Präsentation

Abstract

The delivery of security appears increasingly dominated by technology-focused solutions derived from technology-centred thinking. While there is debate on the relevant merits of 'soft' and 'hard' security approaches, the truth is that, depending on the context, delivering everyday security — for example, through effective policing — requires both. Tension exists between a need for humanised, community-oriented and collaborative approaches to constructing security and the top-down, increasingly technology-driven desire to 'militarise' policing.

Davey and Wootton share insights gained over the last two decades in using a human-centred design approach to tackling issues of security. Their EU-funded project Cutting Crime Impact (CCI) has developed new Tools to support police process and system improvements — from the training, briefing and management of police officers to the delivery of crime prevention advice. Davey and Wootton will discuss how a more human-centred approach has enabled a rethinking and reframing of problems previously described from a top-down perspective, so as to better meet the needs of end-users, be they police, policymakers or citizens.

Referent*innen / Speakers

   
Professor Caroline L. Davey   Andrew B. Wootton

Professor Caroline Davey and Andrew Wootton are co-directors of the Design Against Crime Solution Centre — a unique design research partnership with Greater Manchester Police, the Landeskriminalamt Niedersachsen (DE) and DSP-groep b.v. (NL). For the past 20 years, Caroline and Andrew have led research into the use of evidence-based design to create human-centred product and service solutions to societal challenges. They are currently leading the €3m European Commission funded research programme Cutting Crime Impact (CCI). CCI is working with six law enforcement agencies across Europe — including the Dutch and Estonian national police forces, Lisbon Police, German police in Lower Saxony and Spanish police in Catalonia. Over a period of three years CCI will research and develop products / services that address high impact crime and security issues. The project will also embed human-centred product development capability within project partner organisations (www.cuttingcrimeimpact.eu). In collaboration with key stakeholders and industry partners, Caroline and Andrew led the research and product development work that resulted in ProtectED Community Interest Company (CIC)—a design-led social enterprise that seeks to improve the safety, security and wellbeing of university students by raising standards across the higher education sector (www.protect-ed.org). Caroline and Andrew have published widely on the use of human-centred design to address issues related to social responsibility, and were invited to author a volume of Gower's seminal Socially Responsible Design series. Design Against Crime: A human-centred approach to safety and security outlines the development of Design Against Crime in the UK, and its wider impact on design research, practice and policy across Europe.

 



Prävinarreihe: Subjektive Sicherheitswahrnehmungen und digitale Planungstools für mehr urbane Sicherheit

Das BMBF-Projekt Bewertung und Verbesserung der urbanen Sicherheit mit Hilfe von semantischen 3D-Stadtmodellen (Stadtsicherheit 3D) präsentiert ein neu entwickeltes Planungstool, mit dem insbesondere im Bereich Stadtplanung das Sicherheitsgefühl der Bürgerinnen und Bürger bewertet und verbessert werden kann. Es wurden baulich-räumliche Faktoren identifiziert, die verschiedenste (Un-)Sicherheitswahrnehmungen bei Bürgerinnen und Bürgern in urbanen Räumen fördern. Entwickelt wurde eine Software-gestützte Planungshilfe auf Grundlage dreidimensionaler Stadtpläne, die eine automatisierte Bewertung der Sicherheit von städtischen Gebieten ermöglicht.

Termine:

Das Forschungsprojekt Stadtsicherheit-3D veranstaltet am 10. Mai 2021 im Rahmen des 26. Deutschen Präventionstages ein online-Podium mit Expertinnen und Experten aus Wissenschaft und Praxis. Im Mittelpunkt der 1,5 stündigen, interaktiven Veranstaltung steht die Fragestellung „Sicherheit im urbanen Raum präventiv gestalten anhand eines 3D-Planungstools?“. Die Fragestellung spiegelt die drei Ebenen des Forschungsprojektes wieder: a) Entwicklung von Instrumenten zur Verbesserung subjektiver Sicherheitswahrnehmung im urbanen Raum, b) präventive Analyse von bestehenden und möglichen Problemlagen und dies c) mit Hilfe von dreidimensionalen Stadtmodellen.
Auf dem virtuellen Podium diskutieren:

  • Dr. Anke Schröder, Kompetenzzentrum Urbane Sicherheit im LKA Niedersachsen;
  • Eckhard Hasler, BSQB |Büro für Stadt, Quartier und Beteiligung;
  • Beatrice Siegert, Geschäftsführerin der S.T.E.R.N. GmbH und
  • Prof. Dr. Dominik Lengyel, Lehrstuhl Darstellungslehre, BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg.

Die Diskussion wird von Prof. Dr. Gabriela Christmann vom Leibniz-Institut für Raumbezogene Sozialforschung (IRS) und Axel Dierich vom inter 3 Institut für Ressourcenmanagement moderiert. Vorweg wird es eine kurze Vorstellung der zentralen Projektergebnisse geben. Die Teilnehmenden werden verschiedene Möglichkeiten haben, eigene Fragen an die Podiumsgäste zu formulieren und im Rahmen von Umfragen eigene Meinungen zu äußern. Zentrale Ergebnisse der Diskussion werden für den öffentlichen Wissenstransfer aufbereitet und z.B. als Handlungsempfehlungen in dem geplanten Transferdokument von Stadtsicherheit-3D veröffentlicht.


Vorschau 2021

Im September und Oktober sind weitere interessante und praxisnahe Prävinare vorgesehen. Darin werden die Ergebnisse des Forschungsprojektes Migration und Sicherheit in der Stadt (migsst) vorgestellt.



Die Aufzeichnungen vergangener Prävinare finden Sie in der DPT-Dokumentation, im Adobe Connect Event Catalog und auf dem YouTube-Kanal des DPT. Die Aufzeichnungen der Prävinare, die im Rahmen des 25. DPT-Digital stattfanden, finden Sie ebenfalls in der DPT-Dokumentation und im DPT-YouTube-Kanal, außerdem auch im Kongressarchiv unter den jeweiligen Prävinaren eingestellt.


Wie funktioniert eigentlich ein Online-Seminar? Erfahren Sie mehr in unserem kurzen Erklärfilm.